（English/Japanese simultaneous interpretation available for Japanese-speaking audience）
◆Diwakar ACHARYA (Professor, University of Oxford)
◆Som Dev VASUDEVA (Professor, Kyoto University)
◆HARIMOTO, Kengo (Project Researcher, “L’Orientale” Università degli Studi di Napoli)
◆TAKAHASHI, Kenji (JSPS post-doc fellow, University of Osaka)
◆YOKOCHI, Yuko (Professor Kyoto University)
[Registration required] Closing date March 18 (Friday), 2022（JST）
Jointly held by the RINDAS and the JSPS scientific research (B) “From Vaiṣṇavism to Śaivism” (April 2015—March 2020 (→ March 2022))
This symposium intends to present the outcome of our research, which was organized as a sub-project of the JSPS scientific research (B) “From Vaiṣṇavism to Śaivism”
(PI: YOKOCHI, Yuko ; April 2015 to March 2020, extended to March 2022 under the Covid19).
The aim of this subproject is as follows: Recent progress in the field of the Śaiva literature is outstanding in various dimensions.
This field also includes the new material about the early Śaiva/Pāśupata Yoga and the Sāṃkhya cosmology incorporated in the Śaiva system.
There is also a new development in the study of the Pātanjala Yoga system, such as the new critical edition of the Yogasūtra with Bhāṣya and that of Vivaraṇa.
So far, the Pātanjala Yoga and the Sāṃkhya in the Sāṃkhya Kārikā are often considered to be THE Classical of these two traditions, respectively.
It may be true in the philosophical tradition. From the viewpoint of recent progress in Śaivism, however, this premise should be reconsidered;
there may have been more divergent streams in relation with the monotheistic/devotional tradition of Śaivism and Vaiṣṇavism, as well as Brahmanism.
This research project aims to reconsider the premise of THE Classical and reveal the divergent streams from various angles.
This symposium presents four presentations and one lecture.
【Lecture by Diwakar ACHARYA】
“The Non-existent, the Unmanifest, and the Great: Changing notions of asad, avyakta, and mahat in the Brāhmaṇas, Upaniṣads, and beyond”
The paper will elaborate on the early concepts of the primordial entity that has not yet come to phenomenal existence (asad), the Unmanifest (avyakta), and the Great or the Principal (mahat).
It will first analyse a few text-excerpts from the Śatapatha Brahmaṇa (Book X), the Bṛhad Āraṇyaka and the Nirukta. It will then discuss how these concepts have evolved, modified, and been included in the Sāṃkhyan metaphysical scheme. In this context, I will discuss further a few more excerpts from the Kaṭha, Śvetāśvatara, and Maitrāyaṇī Upaniṣads, and also, the Bhagavad Gītā.
◆Presentation A : TAKAHASHI, Kenji “Evolution of rajas in the Vārṣṇeyādhyātma: Exploring Physiological and Psychological Aspects of Adhyātma Discourses”
The proposed paper gives an overview of Adhyātma discourses in the Mahābhārata, and, with a view to understanding their significance in the history of Indian thought, it compares the teaching of rajas in the Vārṣṇeyādhyātma, one of the less studied Adhyātma discourses, with the Sāṃkhya system.
◆Presentation B: HARIMOTO, Kengo “Hiraṇyagarbha’s Yoga system”
There was a long-lasting tradition that the first teacher of yoga (practice) was Hiraṇyagarbha and that of sāṃkhya (theory) was Kapila. This talk aims at introducing what we can currently tell about the systemized yoga that might be coined Hiraṇyagarbha’s Yoga that originated in the Brahmanical milieu.
◆Presentation C: YOKOCHI, Yuko “Pāśupata Yoga in the Skandapurāṇa”
Pāśupata Yoga teaching that occupies the last ten chapters of the Skandapurāṇa (ca. 550—650) is a valuable source of yoga in the Pāśupatas, the oldest religious group devoted to Śiva/Rudra. As such, it is also a precursor of the mediaeval Śaiva Yoga. This paper presents the basic characteristics of yoga in this section and consider its relationship with the other yoga systems.
◆Presentation D: Som Dev VASUDEVA “The Yogas of the Yogayājñavalkya”
The Yogayājñavalkya is the earliest of several medieval Sanskrit treatises on Yoga that present themselves as works of the Upaniṣadic sage Yājñavalkya. Two early manuscripts, internal references and testimonia provide a terminus post quem of ca. 500 CE . As the work’s alternative title “Sarvayogasamuccaya” indicates, it collects and characterises several independent yoga systems. What principles does it use to organise these rival systems? Does it privilege one form of yoga? This presentation with present results of ongoing investigation into the earliest witnesses to the Yoga texts attributed to Yājñavalkya.
16:00–16:10: YOKOCHI, Yuko “Overview of the project”
16:10–16:30: Presentation A- TAKAHASHI, Kenji “Evolution of rajas in the Vārṣṇeyādhyātma:
Exploring Physiological and Psychological Aspects of Adhyātma Discourses”
16:30–16:50: Presentation B- HARIMOTO, Kengo “Hiraṇyagarbha’s Yoga system”
16:50–17:10: Presentation C- YOKOCHI, Yuko “Pāśupata Yoga in the Skandapurāṇa”
17:10–17:30: Presentation D- Som Dev VASUDEVA “The Yogas of the Yogayājñavalkya”
17:30–17:40: tea break
17:40–18:00: Questions & Comments
18:00–19:00: Lecture- Diwakar ACHARYA including questions & comments
“The Non-existent, the Unmanifest, and the Great:
Changing notions of asad, avyakta, and mahat in the Brāhmaṇas, Upaniṣads, and beyond”
19:00-19:30: General Discussion
For more information, please get in touch with the RINDAS Office.
RINDAS Office: yamaz[+*#ad.ryukoku.ac.jp
Please replace [+*# with @ when sending a message.
Organized by NIHU Project “Integrated Area Studies on South Asia” (INDAS-South Asia), Japan,
The Center for South Asian Studies, Ryukoku University (RINDAS),
And the JSPS scientific research (B) “From Vaiṣṇavism to Śaivism” (April 2015—March 2020 (→ March 2022)